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Fluxes Fluxes
Wave soldering flux
Wave soldering flux

Wave soldering flux

In general, the surface of both the welded metal and the fusible brazing alloy has a thin rust film that hinders the formation of the connection interface. The rust film is the result of environmental erosion and may be composed of oxides, sulfides, carbides, or other corrosion products depending on the environment and the welded metal. These non-metallic corrosion products act as barrier layers. Therefore, before wave soldering, it must be removed by the flux.

Unibright Wave soldering flux characteristic

1. Flux promotes the diffusion of liquid solder in wave soldering
2. In wave soldering, flux can remove rust film on the surface of the substrate metal being welded
3. Flux in wave soldering can prevent secondary oxidation of the welded metal during the heating process
4. Flux can reduce the surface tension of liquid solder in wave soldering
5. Flux can transfer heat in wave soldering

Wave soldering flux application

1. The flux should have an appropriate active temperature range. It starts to function before the solder melts and effectively removes the oxide film and reduces the surface tension of the liquid solder during the welding process. The melting point of the flux should be lower than the melting point of the solder, but it is not easy to have a significant difference.




2. Fluxes should have good thermal stability, with a general thermal stability temperature not less than 100 .




3. The density of the flux should be less than that of the liquid solder, so that the flux can evenly spread on the surface of the welded metal, covering the solder and the surface of the welded metal in a thin film shape, effectively isolating air and promoting the wetting of the solder on the base metal.




4. The residue of the flux should not be corrosive and easy to clean; Toxic and harmful gases should not be released; It is necessary to have water-soluble resistance and insulation resistance that comply with the regulations of the electronic industry; No moisture absorption, no mold production; Stable chemical properties and easy storage.




Other precautions:




1. During the process of using flux, due to long-term contact with air, the flux will oxidize and absorb water vapor in the air, causing changes in flux concentration and resulting in a decrease in concentration. Attention should be paid. So, in daily life, it is important to promptly close the bottle cap




2. The prepared soldering flux, due to prolonged storage time, can cause changes in the composition of the flux, deteriorate its activation performance, and affect welding quality. Therefore, soldering flux that has been stored for too long should not be used. It is necessary to regularly replace the soldering flux.




3. The insulation performance of soldering flux drops sharply at high temperatures exceeding 60 , causing the residue of soldering flux to have a significant impact on heating components (such as high-power transistors, resistors, etc.), and even causing short circuits. So, we need to do it. Clean thoroughly after welding.

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